Shanghai International Nature Conservation Festival concluded Friday
following seven days of events, lectures and films held to raise public
awareness about nature and environmental protection in and around the
city. A highlight topic that drew heated discussion from local and
foreign scholars attending the festival was how to move forward in the
construction, development and transformation of Shanghai’s Chongming
Island as a world-class eco-island.
From 18th April, 1990 to 18th April, 2019，Pudong is 29 years old!29
years of life witness a new-born’s growing up and coming to the prime of
A street lamp powered by solar and wind energy Photos: Qi Xijia/GT
But what does it mean for a district?Today I would like to share with
you the looks of the past and the present of this post-90s.Having seen
the photos of her “childhood”and her new look,you will be amazed by her
grace and glamour from countless stories and considerable changes.
Chongming’s developmentAt the beginning of the year, Shanghai announced
its Chongming World-Class Eco-Island Development 13th Five-year Plan.
According to the plan, by 2020 forest coverage of the island will reach
30 percent and the natural wetland preservation rate will reach 43
percent.At least 95 percent of the island’s ground sewage will be
well-treated and 80 percent of household waste will be recycled.
Eco-friendly commuting will account for 80 percent of local
transportation, with new-energy powered buses covering the whole
island.Residential living conditions will also be improved. The
population on the island will be strictly capped at 700,000 by 2020, and
the average income is predicted to double from that of 2010, according
to the plan.Chen Liu, a villager living at Yingdong ecological village
is over the moon talking about the delightful environment changes taking
place in her home village. Located in Chenjiazhen Town, east of
Chongming Island, Yingdong has only 200 residents or so.Clean and tidy
is the first impression many visitors have when they come across the
spotless village. On both sides of its roads are well-maintained country
houses painted in traditional white, aesthetically contrasting with
their old-style rooftops. Each household is separated by greenbelts
instead of walls or fences.In front of each home are two trash bins, one
for dry rubbish and the other for wet. Street lamps are also specially
designed and powered by solar and wind energy. Occasionally you may run
into a local farmer on his bike, as cars are dissuaded.The rivers here
used to be blocked up with mud and weeds. However the situation has been
greatly improved since the river cleaning project was launched. Now if
you come in the summer you can see beautiful plants and flowers along
the riverbanks, Chen told the Global Times.
While the Huangpu River is still flowing eastward, riverside landscape
has totally renovated. The Oriental Pearl TV Tower, Jinmao Tower,
Shanghai World Financial Center and Shanghai Tower…High-rises soaring
into clouds in Lujiazui are complementing each other.
Eco-tourismIn May, a sign was erected on the riverbank of the village
which clarified detailed targets to protect the 1.28-kilometer river
running through Yingdong village, including removing obstructions,
cleaning the source of the pollution, ceasing illegal construction and
planting green coverage on the riverbanks.The goal is to upgrade the
quality of its water, part of a scheme called Head of the River, as the
district now has 1,100 people (called river heads) who are in charge of
16,000 lakes and rivers, according to Chongming water authority. Natural
wetlands, fresh air and cleaned-up waterways will transform the village
into a world-class natural getaway from Shanghai’s urban chaos.Chen
works as a tourist guide in Yingdong village. She said the village used
to rely on freshwater aquaculture and farming, but now eco-tourism is a
vital local industry. A pier for yachts has been constructed, along with
fishing spots, a barbecue center, a museum and local specialty shopping
centers.Over 150,000 people have visited our town, most from downtown
Shanghai, Chen said.The ecological environment of the Yangtze River has
also improved in recent years, with an abundance of thriving animals
being a clear indicator of its hospitable habitat. According to the
Administration of Chinese Sturgeon Nature Conservation Area at Chongming
Island, 12 fish species have recently reappeared at the Yangtze River
Information sign about the river in Yingdong village
By comparing the old and new looks of the Oriental Pearl Radio&TV Tower,
you can see that the Tower stands still despite substantial changes in
Plight of the Chinese sturgeonFrom 2012, over 30 monitoring spots were
set up in the Nature Conservation Area at Chongming Island near the
estuary, but these 12 species had never been seen until just this past
year.Yangtze River’s estuary serves as a passage for fish to travel
between the river and the East China Sea, and is an important ecological
indicator that plays a key role in local fishery protection and
development, especially for the Chinese sturgeon.The Chinese sturgeon
has existed for more than 140 million years, since the era of dinosaurs.
They are born in the Yangtze River. Every April and May, they swim to
the river mouth of the Yangtze, where they dwell until October.During
that half-year, they grow from 10 centimeters to 50 centimeters in
preparation of swimming to sea, where they will spend 10 years to 20
years before swimming back to the Yangtze River when fully
matured.However, due to pollution and illegal fishing that has plagued
the species in recent decades, the Chinese sturgeon were driven to the
verge of extinction, becoming a nationally protected animal.Sturgeons
face a more crucial distinction crisis thanpandas, a worker from the
nature conservation area told the Global Times.To protect the Chinese
sturgeon, a nature conservation area was established at the Yangtze
River estuary in 2002. An important responsibility is to detect and
protect baby sturgeons, artificially breed the species then release them
back into nature.To help the artificially reared sturgeons survive in
the wild, the conservation base will simulate its surroundings,
including constructing pools with water quality, waves, salinity and
temperatures similar to the mouth of the river, where they will
eventually be freed.Currently, the center raises over 500 Chinese
sturgeons of various sizes, with the largest extending 3 meters and
weighing 200 kilograms. Since 2004, local authorities have freed
artificially bred sturgeons 17 different times, according to a media
report from Xinhua News Agency in 2016.
Pools where Chinese sturgeons are reared
The Seagull Gate witnessed the birth of China Pilot Free Trade Zone.Born
in this pilot area, the “seagull” now spreads valuable experience all
over the country.
Low-intensity developmentIf Puxi is the business center of Shanghai and
Pudong is the innovation center of Shanghai, then Chongming Island will
become the ecological center of Shanghai, Zeng Gang, director of the
Institute of Urban and Regional Planning and Institute of Urban
Development, East China Normal University, told the Global Times at the
closing ceremony of Franco-Chinese Month of the Environment in 2017 and
the 5th Urban Development Forum ECNU last week.With over 20 years of
research experience at Chongming Island, Zeng believes Chongming has an
advantage to reach its goal of becoming an world-class ecological
island.The natural environment is better than the rest of the city. The
inhabits of the island have also adopted a slow pace of life which is in
accordance to the idea of low-intensity development, Zeng said.However,
challenges remain. According to the plan, Chongming will transform
itself from an agricultural production base into a model research
headquarters for green agriculture, and a high-end laboratory for new
species research and breeding. But the relatively traditional lifestyle
and mind-set of the island’s native inhabitants is what Zeng sees as a
major obstacle.This goal can’t be completed by local residents alone.
How to introduce talents from outside while keeping the island’s
population under 700,000 is what needs to be solved in order to make a
high-end blueprint in accordance to our human resources, Zeng said.With
that in mind, East China Normal University’s Chongming Ecological
Research Center, which combines efforts from local and foreign scholars,
was set up in April to solve ecological, environmental and safety issues
during the construction and development of Chongming.
A Chinese sturgeon
In the 1980s, the Zhangjiang Area was synonymous with obscurity, but now
it has become the habitat of advanced technologies and promising
One drop of water sends waves of ripples across the lake. After over a
year’s excavation of more than 17.8 million cubic meters of soil and
water diversion, Dishui Lake has become what it is now. Recently, it was
awarded as “the Most Beautiful Lake in the Yangtze River Economic Belt”.
Completed in 1999, Shanghai Pudong International Airport has not only
become the second largest aviation hub of China, but also made its way
as one of the top 10 airports in the world, and as a gateway of Pudong
and Shanghai to the world.
Century Avenue extends eastward from a muddy path. It enjoys the title
of “Landscape Avenue” with a combination of cars, buildings, lights and
Lujiazui Central Green Space, once a dilapidated shanty town, has now
won the name “Lung of the city” among clustered skyscrapers.
The famous Diyilou Tea Garden still holds strong attraction to visitors.
Hongfuqiao Bridge was restored as well. The 1,300-year-old Xinchang,
awarded the National Characteristic Town in 2017, is drawing up a
blueprint for cultural creativity.
This photo tells us a transformation from a desolate countryside to an
international tourist resort.
The 80,000-ton silos on Minsheng Wharf have been renovated from a grain
silo to an exhibition center.
Since the 2010 World Expo, mess and disorder have given way to
prosperity and harmony and it has become an engine housing various
headquarters for economic growth.
The Pudong Library, the “big bookcase” exuding the charm of books,
receives more than 10,000 visitors a day, and over 20,000 people on a
weekend and duringsummer holidays.
The Oriental Art Center is like a beautiful “Phalaenopsis”. Since its
operation in 2005, the Center has been widely acknowledged at home and
abroad as the ideal place to enjoy symphony.
East Riverside is equipped with comfortable trails, runways, cycling
routes, and a fully-furnished “River View Station”. You can enjoy the
scenery and exercise at the same time.
“A bed in Puxi is better than a house in Pudong” has long been regarded
an outdated saying. The living environment in Pudong has been greatly
The rural revitalization begins with the improvement of houses.
Surroundings of houses have become pleasant and people still could savor
traces of the past with a sense of nostalgia.
No. 2001, Century Avenue is the administrative center of Pudong district
where encouraging policies and pioneering initiatives have been carried
out for the welfare of people.
Both the landmark high-rises and the subtle changes of daily life have
witnessed the development of Pudong.
In a new age, the way people getting married has also changed. In the
old days, the groom had to pick up the bride from her maiden home, and
they would merrily celebrate at the wedding feast. Nowadays, the
motorcade and wedding photos have become increasingly popular among
From street vegetable stalls to indoor bargain counters, they are the
places where real life begins.
What has been changed is a broader range of dishes for a reunion dinner,
but what remains is the warmth and love of a family.
Back then, people ate hand-made popcorns at roadside stalls. Now they
could enjoy popcorns at cinemas.
In the past,”going shopping” mostly referred to the purchase of
groceries in stores nearby. Now, people go to New Yaohan, Shanghai
Village and other shopping malls to buy products they want.
The development of transportation from bus to subway significantly
shortens travel time.
Running errands was so time-consuming. Nowadays more and more can be
done through the portal of Government Affairs Office with a simple
“Bookworms” used to go to Xinhua Bookstore. Nowadays, there are more and
more places with different themes and well-furnished facilities for avid
readers to linger on and frequent. What’s more, they are open for FREE!
Waste sorting is being advocated. Trash cans have been cleaner and more
intelligent when coupled with technology.
In the secondpicture, it can be seen that the traffic light and
lamppost, instead of being attached to different poles, have been fixed
together to one pole.
From table tennis games among neighbors toprofessional cycling
competitions, I have gained so much happiness from sports.
The cultural landmarks show her taste,better environmental facilities
highlight her thoughtfulness.What she pursues all the time is the
highest caliber for every one.
In the bygone years,talents who entertained the hope of realizing their
dreams have sweated and toiled in this very land.The growth of Pudong
owes to the efforts of every one!
Today,Let’s wish Pudong, a charming district a happy birthday.And extend
our sincere wishes to those who pursue their dreams and who look forward
to a better future.